‘Murder!’ 1930

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Hitchcock’s Early Foray into Psychological Thrillers


Released in 1930, “Murder!” holds a special place in Alfred Hitchcock’s early filmography as a seminal attempt to venture into psychological thrillers—a genre he would later master. Adapted from the play “Enter Sir John” by Clemence Dane and Helen Simpson, the film revolves around an actor turned juror who believes that the woman he has helped convict for murder is innocent. The film, while not as polished as Hitchcock’s later works, gives us an early look into many of the themes and techniques that would define his career.

Psychological Complexity

One of the film’s most striking aspects is its early engagement with psychological themes. The character of Sir John Menier, the film’s protagonist, grapples with doubt, ethics, and his own sense of justice, laying down the rudiments of Hitchcock’s later, more sophisticated, psychological studies. The tension between public duty and personal belief creates a moral labyrinth that adds layers of complexity to the narrative.

Technical Innovations

Hitchcock experimented with several technical elements in “Murder!,” notably the use of voice-over thoughts and a segment filmed in a manner that reflected the point-of-view of the characters. Although rudimentary compared to his later technological exploits, these efforts demonstrate Hitchcock’s early ambition to push the envelope of what was possible in cinematic storytelling.

Standing in Hitchcock’s Filmography

While “Murder!” may not be as critically acclaimed as “Rear Window” or “Psycho,” it plays a critical role in the director’s evolution. This is where Hitchcock starts moving decisively towards the psychological thriller genre, developing the basic elements—morally complex characters, innovative camera techniques, and layered storytelling—that would later become his trademarks.

Themes and Storytelling Elements

The film delves into the subject of justice and moral ambiguity, themes that Hitchcock would continually revisit. Additionally, the theatrical world within the film serves as an allegory for greater societal norms and expectations, echoing the oft-explored Hitchcock theme of appearance versus reality.


“Murder!” is an intriguing stepping stone in Hitchcock’s career. While not as refined or as compelling as his later work, it remains significant for its early experimentation with themes and techniques that would later become central to Hitchcock’s oeuvre. For anyone interested in the director’s evolutionary journey, “Murder!” serves as an insightful point of reference, offering a glimpse into the budding genius that would soon revolutionize the world of cinema.